Demining is the physical removal or deactivation of abandoned mines, explosive remnants of war (ERW), and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) to protect civilians from their indiscriminate effect, facilitate a return to routine civilian activities and, where applicable, ensure the delivery of humanitarian aid.
Munitions are any item containing chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive (CBRNE) or other hazardous material – the primary aim of which is to cause harm.
Munition Clearance is the application and management of all appropriate skills, procedures and equipment to either mitigate the impact of munition on life, property, the economy and the environment (Humanitarian Munition Clearance) or to aid the achievement of a combat goal (Combat Munition Clearance).
Search is the management and application of systematic procedures and appropriate detection equipment to locate specified target items. These may include terrorist resources, conventional, improvised and CBRN munitions, missing and hiding persons, drugs, stolen goods, contraband, information and evidence. As well as locating hidden, lost, abandoned or discarded items search provides a risk management tool, isolates threats and facilitates safe access to the target, whilst minimising damage and disruption to routine activity, thereby enabling subsequent actions. Search may be utilised in both high risk and low risk environments.